Twój przewodnik języka angielskiego
Nazywam się Monika Podbielska i będę Twoim przewodnikiem po nauce języka angielskiego.
Zajmuję się nauczaniem języka angielskiego osób dorosłych i w podcaście dzielę się swoim wieloletnim doświadczeniem. Jeśli więc uczysz się języka angielskiego od wielu lat i w końcu chcesz przeskoczyć na wyższy poziom lub czujesz, że tkwisz w miejscu, masz wrażenie, że wszystko zapomniałeś i musisz zaczynać od początku albo po prostu chcesz podtrzymywać znajomość języka ten podcast jest dla Ciebie.
„Twój przewodnik języka angielskiego” zawiera wywiady z osobami uczącymi się, proste teksty w języku angielskim pozwalające na rozwijanie słownictwa i rozumienie przekazu oraz porady jak się uczyć. Opowiadam o różnorodnych historiach tak, aby każdy mógł się nimi zainteresować, wyrobić sobie własne zdanie i jednocześnie poszerzyć słownictwo i znajomość struktur gramatycznych. Dopełnieniem podcastu są Karty pracy i rozszerzone notatki do poszczególnych odcinków oraz wpisy na blogu, które znajdziesz na stronie www.monikapodbielska.pl . Podcast został nominowany do Nagrody BEST AUDIO Empik Go za rok 2020 w kategorii „Najlepszy Podcast”.
Edukacja Jak zrobić Kursy
#17 Future Tenses - czasy przyszłe.
#16 Jak mówić o ... reklamie ?
#15 Gramatyka czy słownictwo? - rozmowa
#14 Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous
#13 Christmas customs
In the Great Britain gift parcels are opened on Christmas morning.
December 25 is the Christmas Day. On this day all celebrations and parties take place, the British do not take too much notice though of Christmas Eve.
The traditional Christmas dinner consists of roast turkey and roast potatoes with brussels sprout and side vegetables. Christmas pudding is a very rich , hot cake- like mixture and is usually eaten with brandy sauce. One of the delicacies the British have enjoyed for almost 900 years is the mince pie. This is a sort of small cake made of a delicious mixture of spices and fruit.
It was the Crusaders who introduced it when they brought new aromatic spices - cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves from the Holy Land. In the 17th century Oliver Cromwell tried to ban the eating of mince pies as well as singing of carols but people continued to eat it and sing in secret. A Christmas cake is covered with sugar icing and is eaten at tea time. Then crackers are pulled with a bang! A cracker is a decorated paper cylinder, quite huge, which, when pulled apart, makes a sharp noise and releases small toys or candies.
The following day, December 26 is called the Boxing Day.
This day originated in the United Kingdom and is celebrated in a number of countries that previously formed part of the British Empire. On this day everybody who can - goes to enjoy himself or herself. Cinemas, theatres and concert halls are usually crowded. In the past the Queen broadcast a radio message from her study, then with time, recorded it so it could be broadcast on the Christmas Day by radio in all parts of the British Commonwealth. The most famous Christmas Tree is the one in Trafalgar Square in London.
In the United States many towns have a communal tree. This custom began first in America when an illuminated tree was set up in 1909 at Pasadena, California. Now we can observe the ceremony of putting up the towering Christmas tree in Rockefeller Center in New York City as well as in the town square of every community in the country. The nation's Christmas tree is obviously set up in Washington D.C. Then at dusk a few days before Christmas as a red coated Marine band plays and a children's choir sing carols, the President of the United States presses a button which lights the tree. This is the signal for lighting the trees across the country.
A very widespread Christmas custom in our culture zone is decorating homes with mistletoe. For hundreds of years now, in many parts of the world, people have believed that mistletoe carries magical powers, has the ability to protect against ghosts and brings good luck. Mistletoe, they were saying, couldn't be just an ordinary plant as it doesn't even grow on the ground! It just sits high up in the branches like an extraordinary creature. Nowadays we know that it is a parasitic evergreen shrub and grows on a "host" tree getting almost all the food and care it needs from this host tree. Long ago, though, people had no scientific explanation for such an unusual plant. And so some were saying that mistletoe came to the tree in a flash of lightning! Whatever it was they all agreed that if you picked a sprig and carried it with you, it would bring all the best luck. Our ancestors also believed that mistletoe could guarantee a safe journey, could cure disease, reduce the pains of old age and make poisons harmless.
To the druids it was magical and called it "all-heal". Many centuries ago, a Scandinavian custom held that if enemies met under mistletoe while battling in a forest, they would have to put down their weapons and make an armistice until the...
#12 Christmas - origins of its traditions
Christmas - origins of its traditions
Christmas commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ. It is observed every year on December 25 by most Christians all over the world. The name Christmas stems from the words "Christes Masse" which is the medieval way of saying the Mass of Christ. These ceremonies got considered by the Christian church in the 5th century. But the day of December 25 was already being celebrated because it was the Roman holiday of Saturnalia and this new celebration started in order to give new meaning to the pagan holiday. The Roman holiday was named after the birth of the SUN and this pagan anniversary was used as the date of Christmas as no precise knowledge of the day of Christ's birth was available. Also, the Roman feast of Saturnalia provided many cheerful customs for Christmas like gift-giving, feasting and burning of candles.
And what about the Christmas tree? Long before Christianity, European pagan tribes used evergreen trees and boughs during their ceremonies and festivals. Later, fir tree was used in particular to symbolize the evergreen age of the Christ Child.
The Saxons made use of ivy and holly and the Celtic tradition was to bring mistletoe from the forests as means of decoration. This plant was hung up all doors and all pretty girls who walked under it would often get kissed. This was such an old custom that no one is really sure how and when it began. The Britons though thought that mistletoe had powers to protect them from evil. That is why they were wearing a sprig as a charm or hang it in a doorway for good luck in the coming year.
In Germany the Christmas tree has been a tradition since the Middle Ages.
According to an ancient legend a saint called St. Boniface while travelling one December through a forest met a group of people who were having some kind of pagan religious ceremony. St. Boniface was horrified that a small boy was going to be offered as a human sacrifice to one of their pagan gods. The boy was just about to be put to fire when St. Boniface rushed and snatched the little boy away. Then, picking up an axe, he chopped down a huge oak tree. As it fell to the ground a tiny young fir appeared out of the ground in the space where the mighty oak had stood. And then St Boniface said "From now on this little tree will be a holy symbol. It's the sign of everlasting life because its leaves are still green when everything else seemed dead around it. Moreover, it will always point upwards to heaven. From this day, this little tree shall be called the Christmas tree."
However it is said that fir had no particular meaning until the time of the leader of the Protestant Reformation - Martin Luther.
According to this legend, Luther was returning homes through a forest. He felt that stars twinkling above him were almost a part of the trees themselves. "It must have been a night like this" he thought, "when the angels of the Lord appeared to the shepherds on the Bethlehem Hillside". Willing to share the beauty of this scene with his family he cut down a small fir tree, set it up in his home and fastened candles to its branches.
Another symbol of Christmas in our culture is St. Nicholas widely known as Santa Claus and the legends about St Nicholas are much more common. Let's take a look at some of them. St. Nicholas was born at the end of the third century. He became known for his piety and generosity to the poor. One story tells how St.Nicholas provided dowries for the three daughters of an impoverished nobleman by throwing bags of gold through their windows and...
#11 Past Tenses
Coś zdarzyło się w przeszłości wiemy kiedy
I opened the window when I came.
Did I open the windo?
Did you open the window?
I didn't open the window.
Piosenka: Fugees - Killing me softly
I heard he sang a good song, I heard he had a style
And so I came to see him, to listen for a while
And there he was, this young boy, a stranger to my eyes
Coś działo się lub powtarzało w przeszłości
I was watching tv yesterday.
Was I watching tv yesterday?
I wasn't watching tv yesterday.
I was eating pizza every day when I was in Rome.
Were you eating pizza every day when you were in Rome?
I wasn't eating pizza when I was in Rome.
Piosenka: The Rolling Stones - Out of Control
I was out in the city
I was out in the rain
I was feeling down hearted
I was drinking again
I was standing by the bridges
Where the dark water flows
I was talking to a stranger
About times long ago
Coś zdarzyło się przed inną czynnością w przeszłości
I had drunk coffee before I came here.
Had you drunk coffee before you came here?
I hadn't drunk coffee before I came here.
Piosenka: Shangri Las - Leader of the Pack
I felt so helpless, what could I do?
Remembering all the things we'd been through
Past Perfect Continuous
Coś działo się lub powtarzało się przed inną czynnością w przeszłości
We had been working on the report until the boss arrived.
Had you been working on the report before the boss arrived?
We hadn't been working on the report before the boss arrived.
Piosenka: Pet Shop Boys - Hit and Miss
Waiting, I'd been waiting so long for this
Waiting, all my life had been hit and miss
one republic something i need lyrics
Past perfect continuous
#10 Present Simple and Present Continuous
Czynności powtarzające się
e.g. I drink coffee every day.
He often goes to museums.
Czynności ogólnie trwające
I live in Warsaw.
He lives in Gdańsk.
Przyszłość "dla rzeczy" np rozkłady jazdy
e.g. My trains leaves tomorrow at 5.
The meeting starts in half an hour.
Budowa czasu - zdania twierdzące, pytania i przeczenia
I write many emails.
Do you write many emails?
I do not (don't) write many emails.
He drinks much coffee.
Does he drink much coffee?
He does not (doesn't) drink much coffee.
Wszystkie inne czasowniki np. Like
I like, you like, he likes, she likes, it likes, we like, you like, they like
I am, you are, he is, she is, it is, we are, you are, they are
I can, you can, he can, she can, it can, we can, you can, they can
I have, you have, he has, she has, it has, we have, you have, they have
We are at home. - Are we at home? We aren't at home.
He can swim. - Can he swim? He can't swim.
Song: Elvis Presley "In the ghetto":
As the snow flies
On a cold and gray Chicago mornin'
A poor little baby child is born
In the ghetto (in the ghetto)
And his mama cries
'Cause if there's one thing that she don't need
It's another hungry mouth to feed
In the ghetto (in the ghetto)
People, don't you understand
The child needs a helping hand
Or he'll grow to be an angry young man some day?
Take a look at you and me
Are we too blind to see
Do we simply turn our heads, and look the other way?
Well, the world turns
And a hungry little boy with a runny nose
Plays in the street as the cold wind blows
In the ghetto (in the ghetto)
And his hunger burns
So he starts to roam the streets at night
And he learns how to steal, and he learns how to fight
In the ghetto (in the ghetto)
Czynności które dzieją się w momencie mówienia.
e.g We are sitting now.
He is writing a letter.
e.g. This week we are working longer because there is so much work.
Plan na przyszłość "dla ludzi"
e.g. Next week we are visiting our parents.
My boss is meeting me in the afternoon.
We are talking. - Are we talking? We aren't talking.
He is smiling. - Is he smiling? He isn't smiling.
Czasowniki opisujące stan nie występują w present continuous:
I like this song.
I understand what you are saying.
He believes you.
Czasowniki opisujące zmysły (see, hear, smell, taste) w znaczeniu czynności odbywającej się w momencie mówienia przyjmują konstrukcję:
I can see you now.
Czasowniki te w znaczeniu planu na przyszłość, zachowują się według normalnego schematu:
I am seeing my boss tomorrow.
Song: Fool's Garden "Lemon Tree":
I'm sittin' here in the boring room
It's just another rainy Sunday afternoon
I'm wasting my time
I got nothin' to do
I'm hangin' around
I'm waitin' for you
But nothing ever happens and I wonder
I'm drivin' around in my car
I'm drivin' too fast
I'm drivin' too far
I'd like to change my point of view
I feel so lonely
I'm waitin' for you
But nothing ever happens and I wonder
I wonder how
I wonder why
Yesterday you told me 'bout the blue blue sky
And all that I can see is just a yellow lemon tree
I'm turnin' my head up and down
I'm turnin', turnin', turnin', turnin', turnin' around
And all that I can see is just another lemon tree
I'm sittin' here
I miss the power
I'd like to go out takin' a shower
Często chodzę do kina. - I often go to the cinema.
On czasami wstaje o 5 rano. - He sometimes gets up at 5 am.
Jutro idziemy do kina. - Tomorrow we are going to the...
#09 Thanksgiving and Black Friday
We have to say that Thanksgiving is more important than Christmas for people in the United States.
America has written in its constitution the separation of "church" (i.e., religion) and state. And Christmas is a Christian holiday. The Thanksgiving holiday is a holiday that belongs to no one religion and is easily adopted by the millions of immigrant settlers to the U.S. of various religions. Also, the concept of gratitude for whatever one may be is a pretty universal one. What is more, this day is almost completely devoid of commercialization - there's no pressure to buy gifts and the only expectation is to be around the loved ones and perhaps invite to one's table one or more strangers who might otherwise be alone that day ....
It is also the only day when America really "stops".
Let's take a look now what the origins of Thanksgiving are.
Over three hundred years ago, a little ship, the Mayflower, sailed from Plymouth in England to Virginia in North America. The Mayflower had 102 passengers on board. They were a group of separatists - the so called Puritans who had broken up with the Church of England. They wanted to be able to worship God in their own way. Before they were able to do this, though, they had spent many years in exile in the Netherlands. And so as soon as they could and got a plantation in South Virginia, they started making preparations to set out for the New World. They were rather poor themselves and they had to borrow money (for seven years) from a group of loan sharks in London. Finally, the Pilgrims - as they called themselves - began their voyage in autumn of 1620. They tiny ships fought many storms and strong winds blew the Mayflower northwards. After 64 days of rough voyage, the Pilgrims - instead of finding the warm coasts of South - saw the rocky coast of Massachusett's. On December 16 the Mayflower arrived at a place already named Plymouth and decided to settle there.
The Pilgrims built simple cabins and huts to shelter during the coming frosty winter. They had never experienced such a cold before and suffered greatly. Nor had they ever experienced such sickness and starvation. Only 50 immigrants out of original 102 survived that winter. Despite all the difficulties the survivors didn't want to go back to England and the Mayflower returned to her homeland with no Pilgrims aboard.
With the coming of spring of 1621 new hope filled their hearts. The settlers set to work. They built 11 houses - 7 for families and 4 for communal use. With the help of an Indian named Squanto they learned how to plant corn and barley.
In fact Squanto had been kidnapped and aimed to be sold for slavery in Spain. Fortunately enough some monks saved him and taught him how to crop the land. He learnt languages and the Christian faith. Thanks to the monks he regained the trust to white people, but his desire to get back to his tribe never left him. He missed home and prayed to be able to return home. The monks helped him to fulfill his dream but first Squanto went to England and worked for a businessman called Slaney. The company of this businessman wanted to explore the trading opportunities with the New Land. Since Squanto had learnt English and could speak it fluently he was sent to America to work as an interpreter. In 1619 he was able to sail back directly home. But his heart was broken when he saw that plague had ravaged people of his tribe and everybody had died. He was the only one to have remained. He was accepted by the neighboring Wampanoag tribe. And when news came to him that a group of European settlers had set up their camp on the very site of his former village he felt the urge to meet them. They were English, pilgrims. He saw how they struggled to survive and how they...
#08 Język angielski w międzynarodowym biznesie
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